Who Is Har Gobind Khorana? Google Doodle Honors Indian-American Biochemist

10 January, 2018, 00:41 | Author: Bridget Leonard
  • Courtesy of Google
Har Gobind Khorana’s 96th Birthday

Uncertain of his own birthdate (he guessed it was January 9), Khorana was the fifth child born to a Hindu family in 1922 in Raipur, a 100-person village in the Punjab region of what is now Pakistan.

"Together, they discovered that the order of nucleotides in our DNA determines which amino acids are built". The image leads to a search for "Har Gobind Khorana" and includes the usual sharing icon to post the doodle on social pages or send via email. Taught by his father to read and write, he rose up to become a Nobel Laureate and the first person to construct an artificial gene.

His Nobel in Physiology or Medicine came in 1968, while he was at the University of Wisconsin, and he was jointly awarded with colleagues working independently, Robert Holley and Marshall Nirenberg.

Khorana's first major breakthrough, for which he was awarded the Nobel, was for decoding the genetic alphabet and demystifying its role in protein synthesis. His actual date of birth is unknown but is shown in documents as January 9, 1922. He died in November 2011. "Dr. Khorana conducted research at universities in England, Switzerland, and Canada, and it was at the University of Wisconsin that he and two fellow researchers received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1968", Google noted. Khorana was an expert on the chemical synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids.


-Married to Swiss Esther Elizabeth Sibler, Khorana's biography praised Sibler for bringing a "consistent sense of purpose.at a time when, [Har] Khorana felt out of place everywhere and at home nowhere". He joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1970, where he would remain until his retirement in 2007.

Khorana lived in many countries throughout his life.

Khorana received scholarships to attend Punjab University where he earned his Bachelor's and Master's degrees.

In 1945, Dr. Khorana left India to study for his Ph.D.at the University of Liverpool in England. He spent post-doctorate year at a university in Zurich to work with Professor Vladimir Prelog for one year.

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